TRADE AND THE RIGHT TO FOOD
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Rich-country governments have long promoted trade rules that favor multinational agricultural export firms, from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to the World Trade Organization. Such policies have resulted in the widespread “dumping” of below-cost agricultural exports on developing countries, undermining local farmers with unfair competition. While the U.S. government subsidizes its own farmers, it has accused the Indian government of violating WTO rules by subsidizing their farmers as part of the country’s National Food Security Program, the most ambitious anti-hunger program in the world. A revised NAFTA threatens to undermine the Mexican government’s promising efforts to promote food self-sufficiency by continuing to allow dumped U.S. crop exports. Trade can promote global food security and support agricultural development among small-scale farmers, but only with rules that recognize the right to food.
Trade can promote global food security and support agricultural development among small-scale farmers, but only with rules that recognize the right to food.
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INDIA AND THE WTO